Ch # 11 Alcohols Phenols and Ethers Short Question


Alcohols, phenols and ethers are classes of organic compounds which are much closer to water in structure and hence considered as derivatives of water. Alcohols and phenols are much more closer to one another in structure and properties. Both contain hydroxal group……..


  1. Introduction.
  2. Alcohols.
  3. Distinction between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Alcohols.
  4. Uses of Alcohols.
  5. Phenols.
  6. Ethers.

In this chapter we will return:

  1. How to name simple monohydric and polyhydric alcohols and their classification as primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols.
  2. The important synthetic reactions leading to alcohols and industrial processes for the manufacture of methanol and ethanol.
  3. The nature of OH group and its reactivity when 0-H bond is broken and when C-O bond is broken.
  4. To distinguish chemically between the primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols.
  5. The methods of preparation of phenol and its acidic nature.
  6. The importance of phenol as starting material for the preparation of five industrially important compounds.
  7. How to name ethers and preparation of diethyl ether.
  8. The physical and chemical behaviour of diethyl ether and its inertness towards chemical reagents.

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